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 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

The Cabinet Board of Experts




The Bill of the Social Security System

 Article 1

Unless a definition is required for an otherwise context, the meaning, usage, and application of the terms and phrases of the Saudi Social Security System are hereby defined:


1.     The Ministry: 

The Ministry of Social Affairs

2.     The Minister:  

The Minister of Social Affairs

3.     The Beneficiary:

Any person or family who deserves a pension or subsidy and is thus included under the Social Security System.

4.     Compensation: 

A.     The regular sum of money to be assigned for the beneficiary in accord with the stated articles of the Social Security System.

B.     Subsidy:  A decided sum of money to be assigned for the beneficiary in accord with the ruling of Article 13 of the Social Security System.

5.     The Orphan:

Any male or female whose father had died, and who is under 18, and who is without an efficient provider.  A person whose father is not legitimately known is hereby dealt with as an orphan.  A person (whose father is proven absent for more than 6 (six) months and this father is without a recognized place of residence) is also treated as an orphan.



6.     The Physically Disabled:

A person who is medically proven as unable to work (whether temporarily or permanently); or a person whose work efficiency is proven inadequate because of a disease or a handicap and who is without an affording provider or a sufficient source for living.

7.      Senior Citizens:

A person who is over sixty years and is without an affording provider or a sufficient source for living. 

8.     Family:

A group that consists of a husband and wife (sometimes more than one wife), in addition to the siblings; or a group that comprises some members of this family. 

9.     The No-Provider Family:

Any family that has no provider (either because of death or divorce or bereavement (getting missed) or imprisonment or desertion or otherwise) and is without a sufficient source for living.

10.  The Provider:

Each person in charge who, according to Islamic Jurisdiction, is financially responsible to affording a living for a person or persons of his own.

11.Accommodation and Medical (Curative) Centers:

These centers include social welfare houses, hospitals, and the like.

12.The Bill:

The Executive Bill of the Social Security System.


Article 2

The utilization and benefits of the Social Security System are exclusively restricted to Saudis who are permanently residing in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and whose status and circumstances are in complete accord with the terms of this system.  In exception of the term of Saudi Citizenship, the following categories can enjoy the benefits of the Saudi Social Security System:

¡€        A Non-Saudi Woman married to a Saudi man.

¡€        A Non-Saudi woman who is a widow (with siblings) to a Saudi man.  Included are also the siblings of a Saudi woman who is the widow of a Non-Saudi man.

¡€        Included are also the following categories:  all the handicapped persons, the orphan siblings of a widow, and the orphans who have residence identity cards but do not have documents of the Saudi Citizenship. 


Article 3

The following types of persons and / or families are eligible for the pension provided by the Social Security System:

1.      The Orphans

2.      The Disabled

3.      Senior Citizens

4.      Women with no provider

5.      Families with no provider

The conditions of eligibility and the steps needed for receiving the pension are decided by the current bill.  Further categories can be added to the above-mentioned ones only through a Cabinet resolution that is based on a proposal made by the Minister of Social Affairs.



Article 4

The following types of beneficiary can continue receiving benefits under the conditions stated below:

a.       A male beneficiary who is over 18 and is still receiving his education and is without a job.  This beneficiary can keep receiving his benefits until the age of 26 or until graduation, whichever is closer in time.

b.       A Female beneficiary can keep receiving her benefits until getting married or until getting a job according to the terms that the bill mandates.


Article 5

Compensation is not to be given to a beneficiary who does not provide for a family due to living permanently in one of the Accommodation or Medical Centers or the Charity Houses subsidized by the government.


Article 6

The amount of the annual pension for the first beneficiary in a family is SR 9400; an amount of SR 3100 is added for every extra person included, conditioned that the sum of money for a family of eight members is not to exceed SR 31, 100 (THIRTY ONE THOUSAND AND ONE HUNDRED).  The annual sum of money can be increased only through a Cabinet resolution that is based on a proposal made by the Minister of Social Affairs.


Article 7

If the Beneficiary retains a regular income whose amount is over one half of the pension received, then this over-one-half-amount will be deducted from the pension, on the condition that the remaining amount of pension is to be no less than SR 6000 (SR SIX THOUSANDS).  The Minster of Social Affairs can however decline this deduction when necessary.

Article 8

The following types of income are not included under the types of income stated in Article 7:

1.      Student awards

2.      What is given to a beneficiary for the purposes of medication like (money or material gifts) that are provided by the concerned social and health institutions

3.      Alms, charities, and gifts

4.      Subsidies provided during times of emergency or disasters.


Article 9

An applicant for a pension has to submit an application to the Office of Social Security in his / her own province.  The application has to include all the information and documents needed for a pension.  It also has to show how far he or she is in need of the pension.  The documents needed and the application procedures are to be defined by the Bill of Social Security System.


Article 10

 The Ministry of Social Affairs is to investigate the applications submitted. According to the procedures declared in the Bill.  The Ministry is to inform the applicant with the decision within 60 days; that is, whether accepted (and how much money is decided) or rejected and why.  In case a decision is not made in 60 days, it thus means a rejection of the application. 


Article 11

The pension is to be given to the beneficiary on a month-to-month basis.



Article 12

The Ministry is to make a periodical follow-up / investigation so as to ensure whether or not a beneficiary is still eligible for the pension; also, the Ministry has to look for new cases that may be in need of a pension.


Article 13

The Minister or whoever deputy the Minister assigns is authorized to assign sums of cash money to some beneficiaries that he deems direly needy, conditioned that this money does not exceed the limit of SR 3,0000 (THIRTY THOUSANDS) to each case .  The regulations that govern this article are decided by the Bill.


Article 14 

The administration of Civil Records and Official Documents is the principal source of all information that a beneficiary needs so as to apply for a pension.  All concerned governmental departments and indigenous offices have to provide the Ministry, when asked, with the necessary information about applicants and beneficiaries.


Article 15

All the related offices in the kingdom¡¯s princedoms, governorates, and civil centers are required to cooperate with the Ministry¡¯s field committees in a way that ensures the good benefits for beneficiaries and the new applicants.


Article 16

A beneficiary or his / her deputy has to inform the related office with any change (regarding the beneficiary¡¯s or the family¡¯s social, economic, and health conditions) which may necessitate an adjustment or a cancellation of the pension.  In case a beneficiary¡¯s address of permanent residence is changed, the beneficiary or his / her deputy has to inform the related office with the new address of residence.


Article 17

The Ministry, in collaboration with the government¡¯s related departments, is to take the necessary measures for training and qualifying whoever is able, among the beneficiaries, to win their livelihood on their own.  Also, in accord with the regulations of the Bill, the Ministry is to take the necessary measures to offer subsidy to a productive project a beneficiary might establish to earn living independently.


Article 18

The financial resources of the Social Security System are the following:

1.      Money collected through alms.

2.      Money assigned by the public treasury.

3.      Money collected through charity works, donations, gifts, and endowments according to the established regulations in this respect.

4.      Investments returns through the Social Security System¡¯s invested money.


Article 19

Without detriment to the penalty regulations of other governmental systems, the Ministry, in accord with the related rules given in the Bill, has to collect back any money that a beneficiary has taken illegally from the Social Security System


Article 20

The Minister of Social Affairs is to establish a three-member committee of senior representatives from the Ministries of Social Affairs, Justice, and Interior to examine the petitions made regarding a rejection of a pension application, pension reduction or pension termination as well as the restoration of a pension money given before.  The committee¡¯s chair is to make the final decision regarding these issues, and the committee¡¯s decisions are to be endorsed with the signature of the Minister of Social Affairs.  The committee¡¯s procedures and the way it works are decided by the Bill.


Article 21

Within the time of 120 days after being informed, a person who receives a  decision of pension rejection, pension reduction, pension termination or a return of the pension money that he / she has collected before, may submit a petition to the committee mentioned in article 20.  Or, he / she may submit a petition to the Grievances Court within the time of 60 days after being informed with the decision.   


Article 22

Within 90 days after the declaration of the Social Security Bill, the Minister of Social Affairs is to issue the Executive Bill of the system.  The regulations of the Bill are to be in effect right at the date of application. 


Article 23

This Social Security System is to replace the previous system that was issued via the Royal Decree number (--) on 18 / 2/ 1382 H.  This new system is to cancel all other previous regulations that may come in conflict with its new ones.


Article 24

This new Social Security System is to be in effect after 90 days since the moment it is published in the Official Newspaper.






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